why are aboriginal incarceration rates so high

It also a result of the failure to divert Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people at the point of contact with police through to the point of sentencing. The rate is also excessively high in South Australia, Queensland and New South Wales. It is unclear, though, exactly how many people are held in detention in China, a country with a similarly high prison population.

The solution is our people not going to prison to begin with. "Just having that as an option was huge.". Previous Incarceration of non-Indigenous people has increased by 38 per cent. These figures include both sentenced prisoners and those awaiting sentence (remand). Four years ago, the number was 25 per cent If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to, To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. However a comparison of the three assault numbers, indicates differences which are not statistically significant: c2=1.46 (df=2, p>0.05). It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. Of Aboriginal people aged 19 to 20 years who have been to prison, more than 60% reoffend. The imposition of fines and fine enforcement regimes affect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people disproportionately.

A sentence is the way a court disposes of a case in which the accused is found to be guilty.

These recommendations will: Reduced incarceration and greater support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in contact with the criminal justice system will, in turn, improve health, social and economic outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. These differences are statistically significant.12 As will be discussed in chapter 9 (recommendation 92), circumstances of arrests suggest that Indigenous people are being inappropriately charged with break and enter as opposed to other stealing offences. Robbery now follows sexual assault and assault follows robbery.

For example, in 2015, only 49% of Year 3 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students living in a remote area reached minimum national standards of literacy, reading and numeracy.40 In 2014, 86.4% of non-Indigenous students nationally completed Year 12 or equivalent, compared with 61.5% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students. The ALRC notes the importance of governments working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander organisations and communities to implement the range of strategies recommended to reduce Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander incarceration. Read on to find out why U.S. incarceration rates are so high. But hidden in that development is a troubling trend: While the overall rate of incarceration is going in the right direction, the percentage of prison inmates who are of Indigenous origin continues to rise.
Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Over-representation is both a persistent and growing problem—Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander incarceration rates increased 41% between 2006 and 2016, and the gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous imprisonment rates over that decade widened. Indigenous Deaths in Custody, Chapter 3. Indigenous incarceration rates: Why are Canada's numbers so high and what can be done about it?
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However, of the 500,000, more than 100,000 are Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders — First Nations persons. People as diverse as Indigenous leader Pat Dodson and NSW Bar Association President Arthur Moses, SC have called this situation a “national shame”. “The ALRC report – although primarily confined to criminal laws and legal frameworks, as required by the Terms of Reference – gives a number of important guideposts as to how the community can respond,” Dr Perlgut said. There are multiple factors to the high incarceration rate one factor being the stolen generation.

For every 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in WA, 3,745 are imprisoned, while in the Northern Territory the statistic is only slightly less with 3,025 prisoners per 100,000 people.

This unique program – undertaken in direct collaboration with local Aboriginal communities – breaks the cycle of no-licence- receive-fine-for-driving-illegally, often leading to incarceration. The figures are shown in Table 4.3. The ALRC recommends the amendment of fine enforcement regimes so that they do not, directly or indirectly, allow for imprisonment.

To reduce soaring Aboriginal prison rates it is essential to invest in psycho-social healing, counselling, empowerment, education and rehabilitation.. As with many programs designed to 'cure' Aboriginal issues, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Mundine said Deadly Connections works with Aboriginal people, families and communities experiencing the intersection of the child protection and justice systems, to keep young people out of detention. For further discussion on the trifecta, see Chapter 6 (recommendation 86 and 87) and Chapter 9 (recommendation 92). See National Report, Volume 1, p.203-4.

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