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As Frank Melanson (2012) points out, thanks to our winters it is a short mining season, and thanks to the rugged terrain, access and access cost is always an issue, so it is difficult to mine Ontario amethyst profitably. Teepees, dwellings of the Ojibwe people (constructed as they were in the early 19th century). I think he was enjoying showing up the young pup. Latest Activity Latest Events. The first was Fort William, which was established in 1803 by the North West Company as a trading post for furs and other goods. (Anyone with any familiarity with Cobras knows what that takes and just how uncomfortable it is.)

Map showing the location of the Thunder Bay District, with red dart in the amethyst-producing region In general, the amethyst deposits are in or near the granitic rocks, in proximity to the contacts between the rocks of the Osler and Sibley Groups. My father, Dave Nicklin, and I first met Gunnar on the suggestion of the Ontario Geological Survey regional geologist in Thunder Bay 42 years ago, while on a summer rock collecting trip. Gunnar drilled some holes with the plugger and prepared to put off some shots.

16: Amethyst, Uncommon Vintage. The Thunder Bay District is home to lots of wildlife, including large mammals such as moose, timberwolves and black bears. that began the modern era of fine amethyst production from the Thunder Bay District. Eva Gutowski and Brent Rivera Breakup - 29th Sep 2020 by jordan429. Gunnar, a man well into 60s at this point, laughed at my complaints, grabbed the drill from me and hoisted it onto his shoulder with no fuss. Thunder Bay is een stad in Canada in de provincie Ontario.

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Lithographie, Ltd. Vos, M.A.  The Thunder Bay District is a formal subdivision of the Province of Ontario comprising over 103,000 square km. The faulting and fracturing – and therefore the nature and occurrence of ameythst-bearing veins – differs somewhat from locality to locality within the Thunder Bay District. Amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario – 13.4 cm, Quartz var. We typically used Forcite 40, which we found to be a good general purpose explosive and usually loaded the holes lightly so as to crack the rock but not throw it to minimize damage to the pockets. Although we have not been back to the Diamond Willow for many years now, today it is still in production. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. Thunder Bay Amethyst. After the glaciers retreated, the first people moved in to inhabit the lands along the north shore of Lake Superior, approximately 10,000 years ago. (1982) “Amethyst from the Thunder Bay region, Ontario” The Mineralogical Record. Thunder Bay heeft een internationale luchthaven: Thunder Bay International Airport. The landforms and rocks evidence mountains and volcanoes that have come and gone, and massive geological events including regional structural metamorphism, folding and major faulting. It is a land of the Canadian Shield, with exposed Precambrian rock, lakes and evergreen forests. Averages are for Thunder Bay, which is 4 miles from Thunder Bay. It is so common to see mineral specimen labels with “Thunder Bay, Ontario”, and no further information. Amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario – 7.4 cm. Thunder Bay heeft een internationale luchthaven: Thunder Bay International Airport. Amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario – 9.6 cm, Quartz var.

Donald Elliott (1982) describes one pocket that was 15 x 3 x 2.4 metres in size (references are listed at the end of this post).

The history of the amethyst discoveries and production of the past is helpful in understanding locality information, particularly for older specimens. Gilg, H.A., Liebetrau, S., Staebler, G.A. It is possible to personally collect amethyst in the Thunder Bay District, primarily on a fee-collecting basis, and also at other prospects and exposures. It has operated continuously since that time and is now named the Amethyst Mine Panorama. These fluids precipitated the amethyst (and also silver, lead and zinc-bearing minerals at the localities where they occur) onto the walls of the fractures, creating crystal-lined veins and cavities. Read More Go to Travel Blog. Just north of Lake Superior, the Thunder Bay District of Ontario is world famous for its distinctive, ancient amethyst crystals. Early inhabitants used canoes for water transportation – first, canoes were carved out of large tree trunks, and later canoes were made using lighter wooden frames covered by birch bark and assembled using a glue made largely from tree resins (combined with animal fat and soot). The claims were only accessible by a narrow twisting trail or by canoe, up Pearl Lake.

From the late 1970s and for over 30 years, a section of the vein was leased and worked in the summers by the father-son team of David and Ian Nicklin.

One of the authors has always thought the completely red ones look like clusters of jasper crystals, if only jasper crystals existed. Once the first railway across the north of Lake Superior was completed in 1885, trains were the major means of land transportation across the region for the next 75 years. Some specimens are entirely red, and some show distinct zoning – the crystal surfaces are red and amethyst is evident as an earlier phase growth.

This was the first time we had seen blasting up close and as with most things associated with Gunnar it was memorable. De stad heeft een belangrijke haven voor het transport van graan en andere landbouwproducten. (Closer large cities are still a surprisingly long way from Thunder Bay: Milwaukee over 900 km, Winnipeg over 700 km and Minneapolis-St.Paul approx. Quartz var.  Although I was quite strong for my age, I clearly recall complaining about the weight of the drill as I struggled through the bush with it. But of course, because they are collapsed, the plates suffered nearly ubiquitous damage. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. De laatste kolencentrale van Canada werd in 2014 in Thunder Bay gesloten. Ouimet Canyon, Thunder Bay District, Ontario. (Lloyd Zapfe photo, courtesy of Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society 972.272.16hh). Crystallized quartz in the Thunder Bay District is found in vugs and cavities of varying sizes, from 2 cm across to a cavity large enough that you can crawl in. Amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario – 12.4 cm. Call us at (807) 345-5510 or email us at It is a long journey to the amethyst mines of the Thunder Bay District, and hopefully this article will bring this beautiful region, its history, geology, mines and collecting experience a bit closer! it is also instructive for all specimens where the labelling has been vague. The most recent glaciers receded from the area approximately 10,000 years ago.

As we walked away – never run from an impending blast – to find shelter (with Gunnar yelling “Fire!”, the signal for anyone who might be nearby that an explosion was imminent) I became aware just how long 30 seconds can be. The Thunder Bay's Landforms is covered with rocks, stone and low hills. Why would people want to vacation in places like Muskoka or Thunder Bay in the Canadian Shield? The distant hills are often quite rounded thanks to the glaciers, and in many places, the shoreline rock has been shaped into smooth forms, first by the glaciers, and since the end of the last Ice Age, by the unrelenting waves, ice rafts and deep frost. Arisa Komiya and Katsuhiro Suzuki (actor) Dating - 28th Sep 2020 by jordan429. Kevin Hart and Eniko Parrish Child - 29th Sep 2020 by missepticeye. amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario

It might take a full day of drilling to lay out a blast and I clearly remember not being able to open my hands fully without pain after a day on the plugger. The Canadian Shield north of Lake Superior, sculpted by the glaciers.

13, no. 5.

It is also likely that the best amethysts mined by David and Ian Nicklin will, for a very long time, be considered among the finest quality amethysts ever collected in the Thunder Bay District. Just to give you a sense of how long a drive it is to reach the amethyst area from major international centres, it is over 1200 km from Toronto and over 1000 km from Chicago. My father was a teacher and so he had the summers off. Amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario – 4.1 cm crystal. This was the beginning of the Diamond Willow Mine. amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario Drilling at the Diamond Willow Mine in later years (I. Nicklin photo). ) Certain of the completely red crystals have been found to be comprised internally of zoned ametrine, underneath the red outer layer. Although “Thunder Bay amethyst” has actually occasionally been found right inside the city limits, the city of Thunder Bay is not the source of the Thunder Bay amethyst specimens on the contemporary mineral market. We collected about 100 pounds or so of specimens and packed them into the canoe for the trip back.

Thanks also to Tory Tronrud and the Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society for kind assistance and permission to share the Fort William mountain train photograph in this article. Mountain type Canadian National Railway train, Fort William, Ontario, December 24, 1957. Field of view 4.5 cm, Amethyst has been found at many localities over a considerable area within the Thunder Bay District (localities up to 200 km apart) and mining continues today at a few properties. We welcome entrepreneurs and visionaries looking to make their mark. Amethyst, Diamond Willow Mine, McTavish Twp., Thunder Bay District, Ontario – 8.3 cm, Quartz var. After the merger of North West Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1821, the importance of Fort William as a trading post diminished, although the settlement continued on and became a town. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Rat Pack Save the Fiddler Crab? In 1955, amethyst crystals were discovered northeast of Port Arthur in McTavish Township, but it was the discovery by Rudy Hartviksen in 1967 at Loon Lake (also in McTavish Twp.) Join us in celebrating all year long! The vugs and cavities within a vein or berated zone are often interconnected with one another. Today the Trans-Canada Highway in this region runs like a ribbon through hundreds of kilometers of rocky forest, sometimes relatively close to the lakeshore, and sometimes much further north, where construction was more feasible.

Economie. For mineral collectors, the most important amethyst discoveries were yet to come. 2. De stad ligt aan de gelijknamige baai (donderbaai) aan de noordoostelijke oever van het Bovenmeer. What does gsh stand for on the Chicago Bears jersey? Thunder Bay quartz crystals occur in many colours and shades, from colourless to smoky quartz, and the variety amethyst occurs in crystals from delicate pale lilac to a deep purple that can approach black. This article is jointly authored by Raymond McDougall, David K. Joyce and Ian Nicklin.

We learned how to quarry, drill and blast. Although we used feather-and-wedge method of rock removal as much as possible (to minimize chances of damage), blasting was normally mandatory.

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